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Effect of Micronutrient on HIV Infected Patients Receiving Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy and Its Implication on Markers of Renal Disease

Raphael Avidime Attah, Catherine Ojebbah Attah, Mustapha Jibril Muhammed  

As patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) live longer while on highly active  antiretroviral therapy (HAART), kidney diseases have emerge as significant cause of morbidity and mortality among them. The effect of micronutrient in HIV infected patients on highly active antiretroviral therapy and its implication on markers of renal disease was evaluated.


July 1, 2016 |                                                        |Volume 1: Issue 2

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Prevalence Of Low Back Pain Among Dpt Students In Peshawar

 Aatik Arsh, Abid Jan

Most physiotherapists suffer from some type of Low back pain (LBP) during their career1. Students of Physical therapy are exposed to same risk factors for developing LBP as qualified physical therapy clinicians are, such as working in faulty positions for long hours, frequent manual handling activities and performing repetitive movements. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of LBP among Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) students in Peshawar.

July 1, 2016 |                                                    |Volume 1: Issue 2

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Physical Therapy Modalities Used By Physical Therapists In The Management Of Chronic Low Back Pain In Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

Aatik Arsh, Dansih Ali Khan,Haider Darain

Chronic Low back pain (CLBP) in most cases results in disability with restricted function and reduced efficiency. Physical therapy modalities can help in lessening the adverse outcomes of CLBP, nevertheless here is no agreement on the selection of modalities. The aim of this study was to scrutinize physical therapy modalities that are presently being utilized in the Treatment of CLBP by physical therapists in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK).

Key Words: Chronic Low back pain, modality, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Management.


July 1, 2016 |                                                       |Volume 1: Issue 2

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